Bereft

This is the past participle of the word bereave and means lacking or deprived of something.  It may seem a bit of an odd word but it does crop up quite frequently in speech and writing as it does sum up a situation rather well.

bereft

Her husband’s early death left Letty bereft of not only a partner but a future as she had dedicated everything to Marcus and his career.

bereft2

The room was bereft of all comforts, all she could see was a single bed with a thin mattress and a cold metal chair. This was to be her home for the foreseeable future.

Advertisements

Sponger

sponger

Bob is such a sponger. Sleeping at his brother’s, eating at his Mum’s and always borrowing from friends. Doesn’t he ever pay for anything?

To sponge off others is to get things free from people when you would be expected to pay for yourself or at least share costs.

It is a really graphic metaphor as the sponge absorbs water in that complete way mopping up all the moisture around it.

sponge

One of the drawbacks of being rich and famous is that there are always people trying to sponge off you.  They think you are a gold mine.

Deadpan

This term from the theatre world describes someone speaking with an expressionless face. It is often used to describe a type of humour, in which the joke is delivered in a flat impassive way, which contrasts with the words or humour.

deadpan2

Photo source: Thomas Ruff who has produced many artistic photos imitating the passport photo

Shelley was brilliant, the way she led you to believe she was the wife of a sheikh, all with that deadpan expression of hers.

He proposed to her in such a deadpan voice that she thought he was talking about an upcoming business meeting, not their dream life together.

deadpan

Pan is a slang word for face, hence the combination with dead to describe this look which gives nothing away.  It is one of the forms of humour that people find most difficult to pick, understandably.

 

Slog

Another four letter word!

This week has been a long slog workwise!

slog2

As you can see it means something hard and difficult to get through.  Usually referred to work but can also describe walking in difficult conditions.

slog

It was quite a slog getting to the point in driving rain and a headwind.

A third meaning relates to hitting and I have seen it used a lot with sports. It implies a bit heavy powerful strike of the ball.

The batsman slogged the ball out of the ground.

Hence slogger.

slogger

Jones is better known as a slogger getting a high score in quick time than as a patient batsman with finesse.

Some of you might ask about slug. Yes. It can mean hit as well along with multiple other meanings best left for another day.

 

Rife

There’s no beating a good four-letter word. And rife is just one of those. Not one of the naughty ones, but definitely strong and assertive in a good Saxon one syllable style. Rife, rife, rife!  It just reeks power, doesn’t it?

The meaning is full of, abundant, widespread or any synonym of these words. But, it is usually used negatively as in the following examples:

corruption

Corruption is rife in most third world governments making good governance a real challenge.

mosquitoes

The bay was rife with mosquitoes which took the fun out of the picnic.

Gossip ran rife that the King was going to abdicate following the scandal with the TV presenter.

 Did you like that new beach resort? Well, not really.  It’s rife with the nouveau riche dripping designer labels and hanging on the arms of their mafia boyfriends.

 

Ratchet up

Ratchet is not a word I recall having in my vocabulary a few years ago.  I probably knew that a ratchet was a sort of wheel with teeth or tool that was used to tighten slowly or increase pressure.

rachet

Now ratchet up seems to be very much in vogue.

After the Manchester bombing police are ratcheting up security.

It means to increase bit by bit by small regular amounts. Sounds a bit like torture!

The opposition is ratcheting up the pressure on the President over the loans scandal.

Of course, it reminds us of Nurse Ratched, in the acclaimed film One Flew over the Cuckoo’s Nest, who was the stereotype of a mean wicked psychiatric nurse.

ratched

Have you been ratcheting up your spending on goodies this year?

 

Roster

roster1

A list of duties in an organisation, school, club, flatshare, etc.

Have you got the roster for this month? Who’s responsible for cleaning the kitchen? They look like they haven’t been touched.

Or the schedule for different posts in an organisation like a hospital.  We can see it used as a verb here.

I’m rostered on for nights next week but then I have four days off straight so I guess that’s something.

According to the roster, I am on front desk until 11 when Stuart comes to relieve me.

In American English schedule or rota may replace this word.

What is interesting is that roster comes to English from Dutch and is derived from the word roast.

roast

Apparently someone made a connection between the straight lines of the grid or grill and a list of duties. Or maybe they thought that being rostered on to something was like having a hot iron applied. Go figure!

Iffy

Another lovely English word that foreigners seem reluctant to use. Iffy is a more informal way of saying doubtful or uncertain. But in fewer letters it encapsulates the meaning beautifully.

iffy1

Marketa was thinking of an outdoor wedding but it will have to be before September because the weather is pretty iffy in that month.

iffy2

The plan to open branches in the interior of the country is an iffy one. First, it will involve a huge investment and second, we have no client base there.

Spice

spice1

Yes, it can refer to nutmeg or cinnamon or other such exotic flavours that add an extra something to our cooking. Yes, to spice something up can mean to add more taste and sharpness to whatever we are doing, be it writing a story or creating a fashion image.

But…the big new meaning for spice is that of an alternative drug to marijuana. Apparently it is a mixture of herbs and spices and synthetic compounds called cannabinoids, which have the same psychoactive effect as marijuana. Sometimes called herbal incense, it is apparently quite easy to get hold of in the market and is causing concern for the effects on consumer’s health.

spice2

So, another word acquires a less than innocent meaning. Gives a whole new complexion to the Spice Girls and to the saying “sugar and spice and all things nice …”

Jettison

A rather colourful nautical term that means to throw something overboard from a plane or ship.

jettison fuel

The emergency with the seriously ill patient meant an emergency landing was called for. To do so, the plane circled over the sea jettisoning its excess fuel.

But we use it a lot to discard plans or belongings we know longer need.

Betty and Benny jettisoned the idea of a transatlantic wedding when the costs of plane fares and accommodation became prohibitive.

jettison suite

Mark jettisoned his old lounge suite and chairs and replaced them with a futon and a low coffee table.

I like jettison as it brings a little colour to the language and especially to a word which may have negative connotations.