Truculent

One of those words which has a hint of magic for me.  It seems longer than it is, you can rhyme it with succulent (note the double c), and it has the mystery of its meaning not being easy to guess unless you already know it or have looked it up.

For the record, it means hostile, belligerent, aggressive or savage and it is derived from Latin.  I have always summed it up as ‘keen for a fight’.

His grandfather was a truculent sort, always disagreeing with the rest and ready to argue hard to impose his view.

truculent 2

 Lotte has a very truculent attitude towards her staff.  She doesn’t trust them, criticizes them openly and will treat them harshly if they disobey her.

truculent1

Sometimes it can mean fierce.  Truculence is the noun form. Not a word to use every day but fun to drop into conversation and see what reactions you get.

 

 

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Indisposed and ill-disposed

English loves to confuse its learners with words that seem to contradict logic.

If I am indisposed, it means I am sick, ill, off-colour. I’ll probably be staying at home and possibly in bed. It is a formal and somewhat old-fashioned word used for effect or as a euphemism.

indisposed

The boss is indisposed today. He had a heavy night with his golfing partners.

If you don’t want to do something or feel negative towards a person or a project, you can say you are ill-disposed. It has nothing to do with health.

ill-disposed

Susan seems very ill-disposed to working with Marina.  Oh, didn’t you know? Marina is dating Sue’s ex.

The manager was ill-disposed towards Eric because he felt that Eric’s department was not producing enough results.